• Sarah Chute

Review of "Cupping Therapy Encyclopedia", by Dr.Tamer Shaban

This book was first published in 2013 by Dr Tamer Shaban. He has a masters in child health and nutrition and is a practicing physician and researcher. In his new edition, he talks about the history of cupping including cupping in Egypt, China, Greece, Islamic and Arabic cultures and in the West. He talks about the different types of cups used as well as the many different types of cupping that can be performed. These include dry cupping, flash cupping, wet cupping and massage cupping. He also talks about needle cupping, hot cupping also known as moxa cupping, herbal cupping, magnetic cupping, laser cupping, electrical stimulation cupping, aquatic cupping, and water cupping.

It's really neat how Dr. Tamer Shaban defines light, medium, and strong suction with actual numbers to represent the amount of pressure within the cup. This is calculated by using Boyle's law of P1V1 = P2V2 (pressure and volume before suction equals pressure and volume after suction). One manual pump of suction is 141 mbar (millibar) whereas two pumps of suction can be 254 mbar. A light suction can range from 1 to 300 mbar (based on a cup with an 80 ml volume) This usually translates into a maximum of two full manual pumps of suction. Medium suction ranges from 300 - 500mbar, which is usually three to four manual pumps of suction. This is the most common type of pressure for cupping therapy for adults. Strong pressure is 500mbar or more, which would be five or more pumps of manual suction. This type of suction is painful and generally not advisable. You will find information on all the different types of cups used for cupping.

If you already perform cupping therapy, then you are familiar with its suggested effects. These include increased local blood circulation, increased blood perfusion and temperature, local anaerobic metabolism within the cupping area and the activation of Heme-oxygenase1system. It enhances skin penetration, viability and elasticity. It has a positive effect on blood LDL and sodium and potassium levels and stimulates natural killer lymphocytes. It reduces pain, elevates oxygen within the blood, is anti-inflammatory and and anti-oxidative. It stimulates and helps to regulate the immune system.

What I find most interesting is his explanation on HOW cupping therapy MIGHT work as there is still much that we don't know about this particular topic. This involves the pain gate theory, the reflex zone theory, the nitric oxide theory and the genetic theory, the immunomodulaion theory, increasing blood circulation theory, endorphins and encephalon production and the meridian system theory. Cupping stimulates large nerve fibers, which interfere with the pain signal being transmitted by smaller nerve fiber which then closes the gate and pain is no longer felt. The reflex zone theory suggests that there is a connection between nerves, internal organs and the skin. Each organ has a reflex zone (this is the basis for reflexology) and Dr. Tamer includes a great chart of these zones. Cupping stimulates skin receptors and increases blood circulation and blood supply to both the skin and the internal organs, and within a few days there will be an increase in connective tissue metabolism. The autonomic nervous system is activated and the body can regain a healthy balance. The nitric oxide theory suggests that nitric oxide is released during and after cupping therapy by increasing blood flow. This substance helps promote blood circulation, relaxation of muscles, helps in vessel hemostasis, is anti-thrombotic, decreases inflammation and prevents stenosis of blood vessels. Abnormal nitric oxide levels have been found in patients with hypertension, obesity and heart failure. The genetic theory refers to the idea that the hypoxia (deprivation of oxygen) caused by the suction of a cup may induce gene expression. When the skin inside the cup is deprived of oxygen there is an increase in anaerobic metabolism, which can be seen from an increase in the lactate/pyruvate ratio. The meridian system theory works on the principle that Qi (a vital energy of the body) is found within acupuncture points on the skin throughout the twelve meridian channels of the body. These channels have six yin and six yang meridians which include the lung, heart, pericardium, spleen, kidney, liver, large intestine, small intestine, triple burner, stomach, bladder, and gallbladder. Cupping therapy stimulates these points and can help treat stagnation of Qi.

You will learn how to perform several different types of cupping methods such as myofascial decompression, myotherapy, wet cupping, massage cupping, dry cupping, needle cupping and water cupping.

What I also love about this book is that it offers the reader treatment plans for many specific and general conditions. Often times in cupping courses we learn the basics of cupping. How it works, what the benefits are, how long to keep the cups on, how to clean the cups, but what a lot of courses don't expand on are very specific treatment protocols. And not the basic protocol for conditions like medial and lateral epicondylitis, or IT Band syndrome. I mean treatment plans for conditions that we know benefit from cupping like high blood pressure, but are not taught where to specifically put the cups in order to treat it. Dr. Tamer Shaban includes cupping placement for pain related conditions like cervical pain, frozen shoulder, knee pain, acute lumbar sprain,sciatica, low back pain and headaches. He also includes cupping placement for systemic diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, gout and urticaria. Respiratory diseases are also addressed such as bronchitis and bronchial asthma. Digestive diseases such as irritable bowel syndrome and spastic colon, chronic gastritis are also included as are chronic disease such as hypertension and diabetes mellitus. Neurolgical conditions such as facial paralysis and carpal tunnel syndrome are addressed as are certain women's health conditions such as dysmenorrhea, amenorrhea and female infertility. Cupping placement for men's health conditions such as male infertility, impotence, and prostatitis are also touched on.

This truly is a Cupping Encyclopedia. This book is a great addition to your learning library.

Price: $26.18 CAD

Link: https://www.amazon.ca/Cupping-Therapy-Encyclopedia-Tamer-Shaban/dp/1986200485/ref=asc_df_1986200485/?tag=googleshopc0c-20&linkCode=df0&hvadid=335298220709&hvpos=1o1&hvnetw=g&hvrand=5009221516242836020&hvpone=&hvptwo=&hvqmt=&hvdev=c&hvdvcmdl=&hvlocint=&hvlocphy=1002376&hvtargid=pla-681624174165&psc=1

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